flood

There is no archaeological evidence for the universal flood described in Gen.
6–8, but there are several Mesopotamian stories about how a family marvellously survived such a flood. In Gen. the flood is a punishment [[➝ punishment, everlasting]] from God who was determined to clear the earth of its gross impurities caused by the misdeeds of its inhabitants. Other flood stories, such as the Gilgamesh epic from 12th-cent. BCE Babylonia, discovered at Nineveh in 1872, seem to regard the flood as somehow issuing out of disputes amongst the gods, and the hero who survives is granted immortality. There are so many similarities between the Hebrew and the Babylonian stories that both probably depend upon the same original version.
The fate of Noah, who survived the biblical flood in his ark, is different; although he offers sacrifices he becomes a shameless drunkard (Gen. 9:20–8). The importance of the biblical flood story lies in its narrative of the covenant between God and Noah: God's promise is that there will never again be such a deluge, while Noah, as representative of humanity, is to observe certain basic laws, especially about the shedding of blood, and mankind is ‘to replenish the earth’ (Gen. 9:1–7). These hints of a covenant, long before the covenant with Moses and the chosen people, were later elaborated by the Jewish rabbis into the ‘Noachian precepts’, the ‘way of all the earth’ which they regarded as obligatory on Gentiles. It has been suggested that the requirements laid on Gentile converts by the Church in Jerusalem (Acts 15:29) are in fact the Noachian code.
The symbolism of the flood is used in 1 Pet. 3:20, where Noah's ark is regarded as a prototype of the Church conceived as a life-boat launched upon the waters of time.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • flood — flood …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Flood — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Flood simulado en #wikipedia en, usando el término OMG . Para Flood de Halo véase aquí Flood es un término en inglés que significa literalmente inundación. Se usa en la jerga informática …   Wikipedia Español

  • Flood — (fl[u^]d), n. [OE. flod a flowing, stream, flood, AS. fl[=o]d; akin to D. vloed, OS. fl[=o]d, OHG. fluot, G. flut, Icel. fl[=o][eth], Sw. & Dan. flod, Goth. fl[=o]dus; from the root of E. flow. [root]80. See {Flow}, v. i.] 1. A great flow of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Flood — steht für einen technischen Begriff aus dem Internet Relay Chat siehe Flood (IRC) ein Computerspiel aus dem Jahr 1990 siehe Flood (Computerspiel) ein Musikalbum der Band They Might Be Giants siehe Flood (Album) einen Musikproduzenten siehe Flood… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • flood — ● flood adjectif invariable (anglais flood) Lampe flood, lampe à filament de tungstène survolté, fournissant une lumière intense à spectre continu. ● flood (expressions) adjectif invariable (anglais flood) Lampe flood, lampe à filament de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • flood — n 1 *flow, stream, current, tide, flux Analogous words: *excess, superfluity, surplus: incursion, *invasion 2 Flood, deluge, inundation, torrent, spate, cataract are comparable when they mean a great or overwhelming flow of or as if of water.… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • flood — [flud] n. [ME flode < OE flod, akin to Ger flut: for IE base see FLOW] 1. an overflowing of water on an area normally dry; inundation; deluge 2. the flowing in of water from the sea as the tide rises 3. a great flow or outpouring [a flood of… …   English World dictionary

  • Flood — Flood, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Flooded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Flooding}.] 1. To overflow; to inundate; to deluge; as, the swollen river flooded the valley. [1913 Webster] 2. To cause or permit to be inundated; to fill or cover with water or other fluid; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Flood — Flood, the 1.) a story told in the Old Testament of the Bible about a great flood that covered the whole world. According to the story, God caused the Flood because he was angry with the people on Earth and wanted to punish them. Only one man,… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • flood — ► NOUN 1) an overflow of a large amount of water over dry land. 2) (the Flood) the biblical flood brought by God upon the earth because of the wickedness of the human race. 3) an overwhelming quantity of things or people appearing at once. 4) an… …   English terms dictionary

  • flood — (n.) O.E. flod a flowing of water, flood, an overflowing of land by water, Noah s Flood; mass of water, river, sea, wave, from P.Gmc. *flothuz (Cf. O.Fris. flod, O.N. floð, M.Du. vloet, Du. vloed, Ger. Flut, Goth. flodus), from PIE verbal stem… …   Etymology dictionary

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